Saturday, January 7, 2017

Life as a California Gold Miner



You have read a book about the California Gold Rush, and you've participated in a simulation about the same topic. You have heard a lot of fate cards and will continue to hear more. We toured Coloma and a great deal of information was given out on that day. You also had a tour of Old Sacramento where you learned about the gold rush era. At the beginning of the simulation, many of you said you would not want to be a gold miner in the 1850s, but do you still feel that way?

Your job in this blog is to write about the life of a California Gold Miner in the 1850s. Think of what your Big Idea would be and then support that idea with details to prove your idea. Think of all the work we have done about the gold rush, and reflect on what it would be like to be a miner during the gold rush. If you'd like, you may tell whether you would like to have been in the gold rush; be sure that you support that opinion, too. 

Write with good conventions: no sentence structure errors! Be sure to edit your work before you publish it as once it is online, it stays there. Give good thought to the prompt and come up with ideas that no one else will develop. Think of your audience: other fourth graders around the country who are learning about the California Gold Rush. Be sure you teach them something. 

114 comments:

  1. Adam W
    Mr. Lamarr
    2/2/2017
    Life as a California Gold Miner

    Life as a California Gold Miner was rough, hard, and dangerous. Hypothermia from the snow melt in the river, outlaw miners shooting other miners for territory, and camps being burned to the ground from unattended campfires were ordinary hardships that the common miner lived through. If you thought that was hard enough, mining camp justice was really quick and rough as well. For instance, if a miner had a person they suspected was stealing from them; most miners would take the law into their own hands. Often times they would execute the suspect before proving their guilt. Miners were shooting at other miners before the constitution was created and a lot of people were perishing without due process. Miners were getting robbed a lot for their gold and belongings, so they started to protect themselves with their firearms.
    Even though there was a lot of hardships, miners still had a lot of fun things to do. Gambling was a hit and miners would gamble on anything. Dancing was a hoot too, but there was a problem; there weren’t that many women. They solved it by putting a bandana on the miners arm so he would technically be the “woman.” Even though California gold miners lived through an extremely trying time in California’s history, they made the best from the worst and paved the way for all Californians.

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    1. Good job Adam, I like your conclusion.

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    2. Good Blog Adam! wow mine is nothing compared to yours! But it will get better! ( I hope )

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    3. Well done, Adam. You touched on several topics to support your big idea. Your details are clear and understandable. So, would you have wanted to be a California gold miner?

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    4. Wow Adam! You blog was filled with amazing ideas, great descriptive words and is structured beautifully. You wrote an astonishing piece Adam!

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    5. Adam your blog is amazing! I like how you got very detailed.

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    6. Yeah I still want to be a California gold miner.

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  2. It probably will be better than mine!

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  3. Life as a California Gold Miner

    Through all the struggles to withstand, I still think life as a miner would be worth it. Before a miner starts mining, he has to get to a gold field. He could either go on land or over the sea. On land, the oxen could die midway through the trip. Over the sea, the captain could take a short cut and the ship might crash into a rock. If a miner just came to California and spent all his money, he wouldn’t have enough money to buy mining equipment. Sometimes, there wasn’t enough gold in one mining camp so they had to go to a different one. When a miner finally does get gold, another miner could just steal it from his poke. There were times when rodents would get into a miner’s lunch and infect or eat it. Other times, miners could get diseases like cholera or scurvy. Items in shops were sold at high prices if there were less of that item. When miners first came to the gold fields, they had to create miner’s law. But from camp to camp, miner’s law was different. For instance, if a miner is walking to his claim and stumbles upon a gold nugget in another miner’s claim and gets that nugget, it would be illegal in one gold field to get gold in another one’s claim. But for another gold field it would be legal. So, if one miner just came from the gold field where the law is legal and goes to the one where it is illegal he would think he got arrested for nothing. Sometimes miners could mine on Indian’s territory and not even notice it. Then the Indian could punish the miner for doing so. Some miners know they mined on Indian’s land so they stay up all night for look out. When miners were going to other mining camps, outlaws could attack and steal that miner’s items. Some mining camps were to cold causing the miners to get hypothermia. To heat the miner from coldness they could light campfire. But if left unattended the fire could spread through camp. But at least they weren’t cold anymore.

    A lot of people were poor before the Gold Rush started and they needed money. So that’s why most people participated in the Gold Rush, for wealth. For scientific reasons, some alchemists ordered miners to give them a sample of gold. Then the alchemists tried to create gold but that was unsuccessful. Some people went there to make gold into jewelry and sold them for high prices. But which ever reason they participated, each one was worth it. Even though the Gold Rush was difficult and dangerous, at least some miners were successful.

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    1. I agree, some miners found no gold, but some found a lot of gold.

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    2. You have told a lot about a miner's life, that's for sure, Artur. Overall, what made it worth the effort for miners?

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    3. Great blog artur!!!

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    4. Good details like the campfire burning the tent down!

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    5. Sensational job Artur! You really put a lot of effort into this blog its so amazingly detailed! :D

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  4. If I had a choice, I would not choose to be in the California Gold Rush. The prices were extremely high, and if I didn’t find a lot of gold, I would go broke. There were fires in the camp, and floods occurred and washed supplies downstream.
    Miners had unsanitary living conditions that resulted in cholera, which led to death. They also had a lack of Vitamin C, which led to scurvy and malnutrition. Laws were different in different mining camps, so people were killed a lot. Those are the reasons I would not want to be in the California Gold Rush.

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    1. Yeah, people were dying very quickly.

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    2. I agree, some people were very unlucky in the Gold Rush.

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    3. I bet all the different laws were very confusing to the miners. That would make a tough job even harder!

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    4. I agree with you, Josh and Benjamin. People were dying SO quickly!!!!!!!!!!!!

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    5. I totally agree with this blog! Great job! :D

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    6. This is a good blog! I think you should write some more though :)

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  5. The life during the California Gold Rush was very harsh. The mining camps were crowded; the population in 1848 was less than 1,000 but at the end of 1849, due to the 49ers in search of gold, the population was 100,000. The prices of everything that one needed were very high. For example, the cost of an egg was $3 and a barrel of flour was $800. Miners often bought a barrel of flour with other miners to be able to afford it. I would not want to eat beans, coffee, salt pork, and bread as my main diet. The miners’ food was highly affected with bugs and rodent scat, but they ate it anyway. The two main diseases miners got very often were scurvy, lack of vitamin C, and cholera, from drinking dirty water. 6,000 to 12,000 people are believed to have died of cholera on their way to California. I can’t even imagine how disappointing it would be to find a nugget but smash it only to find it is fool’s gold. Only a small percent of miners struck it rich in the gold fields.
    I would also not want to be a minority in the gold rush. Indians lost their homes, chilenos were beaten, whipped, and had to pay high taxes, and the Chinese were flogged, run out of town, and their businesses were destroyed.
    It was also very hard to get to where most gold miners were successful in finding gold. There were only three different ways to get to California and all of them were difficult in their own way. The prospectors had to endure a very long journey and sometimes they even had to risk their own lives during the travels. There was the overland route, the panama shortcut and sailing around Cape Horn. While the overland route had guidebooks, most of them weren't correct. So the miners ended up in terrible situations like leaving too early in the year on their journey and not having enough grass for the oxen during the trip.
    Even though being a miner was very hard, there was a little bit of fun in their lives. There were many ways to entertain themselves like watching plays, dancing with other miners, and going to circuses. Sacramento was lucky to have a theater. If I were an Argonaut I would spend some time in the theater and other entertaining venues. As we read in the book called By the Great Horn Spoon other entertainment options were Sunday fights between miners when other miners bet on the fighters. After a pan out it would be fun to travel from camp to camp looking for color. The chances of just finding a gold nugget was small but it would be amazing to find one.
    Overall I would not want to be a miner in the gold rush. I would rather be merchant like Samuel Brannan; California’s first millionaire. When he found out about gold in the American river he bought all the pans he could find. He bought them for 20 cents apiece and sold them for $15 apiece. And that's how he struck it rich.

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    1. awesome morgan!luv your blog! i liked your begining!

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    2. you have lots of details about your ideas.

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    3. You have a great command of the California Gold Rush, Morgan! Your piece definitely educates your audience.

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    4. I like it. It's long. Luv it!

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    5. Your blog definitely displays that you know how to write an educational piece. Great Job!!

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  6. Life As A Gold Miner

    Being in the California gold rush was dangerous. There were many ways a miner could be hurt or even killed. Even before arriving in California, there were many dangers. A miner had three different ways to get to the gold fields: the overland route, the Panama route, and the Cape Horn route. Each was dangerous in it’s own way.
    If a hopeful miner took the Cape Horn route, there would be many difficulties, including devastating storms. The storms were powerful and numerous. There were also many massive boulders into which a boat could accidently crash. As the ship got closer to the Antarctic, the weather would get much colder due to the latitude. If a captain wanted to cut off some miles from the journey, he could sail through the Strait of Magellan. However, the Strait of Magellan was very narrow, and therefore the chances of crashing into rocks were much higher. Even though the Strait of Magellan was more inland, it was still very stormy. After the ship got to the Pacific, the storms would die down. However, this too could be a problem if the boat relied on wind. The trip would take about six months, so, with no refrigeration, the food often went bad.
    A miner could also take the Panama route which would be much shorter than the Cape Horn route and was the fastest way to get to the gold fields. First, a miner had to take a ship to Panama. Once there, a miner would have to trek through the jungle from the Atlantic side to the Pacific side. On the walk through the jungle, a miner could come down with a disease such as scurvy. The jungle had deadly animals such as monkeys, snakes, jaguars, etc. When he got to the Pacific side, he then would have to find passage on a boat to California.
    The overland route avoided the risks of the ocean, but it required careful planning. If a miner left too early in the season, there wouldn’t be any grass for their oxen, and if a miner left too late in the season, he could get caught in an early snowstorm (as happened to the Donner Party). Another danger was miscalculation; people like Lansford Hastings would make maps of trails that didn’t exist. Small mistakes could lead to disastrous consequences.
    Then, when a miner finally arrived to the gold fields, there were plenty of troubles there as well. Even after California became a state, there might be different rules for each mining camp, and those rules might not even be the same as the state laws. Some mining camps had more rules than others. Punishments were handed out quickly and roughly. If a miner was able to get away with something in one mining camp, he may not be able to get away with it in another mining camp. Miners frequently accused people of stealing things they hadn’t stolen. Fights broke without warning. Miners sometimes just shot each other. Some indian tribes were upset at the presence of the prospectors, and at times they attacked. They were upset because people polluted their waters and they scared the animals away. A miner’s campfire might get out of control, burning down a camp. After a big rain storm, a river could flood, taking with it equipment, belongings, or even people. Other times diseases broke out, like cholera and scurvy. When times were tough, malnutrition occurred. During the summer, some miners had sunburns. During the winter, miners could get frostbite from the cold.
    A miner’s life would be exciting but with all the hardships and dangers, I wouldn’t want to be a miner during the California gold rush.

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    1. Great blog Benjamin. I like the beginning.

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    2. Impressive work, Benjamin! You have so much of the simulation covered here, and you have kept all the details accurate. Your vocabulary makes the piece interesting to read. A reader of this post would truly learn a lot about California Gold Rush hardships.

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  7. Corin
    Life as a Gold Miner
    Life as a Gold miner has a bad side and good side.
    A part of the good side is that on the way to California a miner could get lucky and come to California with no problems. A miner could get really rich. A miner could get lucky and find a million-dollar piece of gold. There is lots of entertainment in the Gold Rush. Miners liked to go to saloons, gamble on anything, and go dancing. Sometimes miners would go to bull fights or carnivals. A miner could start a business and the business could be successful.
    A part of the bad side is that on the way to California a ship could get destroyed or the supplies could run out. On the over land journey, supplies could run out, a wagon could break apart, or Indians could steal animals from people. A miner could lose all their money and wouldn’t be able to buy anything since there were high prices. Miners could start businesses and not be successful. They would lose money. Since California was only a territory in the Gold Rush, in different towns they had different laws. Lots of people were getting hanged or shot. A miner could accuse another miner that they stole or killed someone. The miner could get hanged or shot too. People that were non-Caucasian and spoke different languages were not treated fairly. Chinese people got their important braids cut off by white people and only got to mine on claims that other miners already mined at. Indians were forced off their land and lost all their supplies to live. All the non-Caucasian people were beaten up. There wasn’t good medicine back then. A miner could catch diseases, such as cholera, scurvy, and many more. Most people died from these diseases.
    Considering the good and bad sides of being a miner I would not want to be a miner. Even though I would like to be rich I will not risk getting a disease and dying.

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    1. Nice job, Corin. I like how you examined two perspectives about the gold rush. You outlined good points for each perspective, and your conclusion states your opinion clearly. Good, accurate details!

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    2. wonderful blog Corin.Love your conclution.

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  8. Isaac
    Mr. Lamarr
    2/8/17

    Life as a gold miner would be difficult. They faced many hardships like diseases, crimes, and even death. Miners mostly found no gold and barely had enough to eat. Diseases were common in the gold rush. Scurvy and Cholera were very common. Cholera was common because of the unsanitary conditions. Then the bacteria would get into the water; miners would drink the water and then get Cholera. The four main foods for a miner’s diet were beans, coffee, bread, and pork. The lack of nutritious food often led to malnutrition which led to Scurvy.
    Life in the gold fields was dangerous. Miners were robbed, murdered, etc. Miners would take camp justice into their own hands. They would hang or shoot miners they thought were guilty but may have been completely innocent. Miners were robbed and lost mining days protecting themselves. Also, Miners supplies were burnt from unattended campfires, or washed away if they set up their tent near a river. In the summer, miners would have severe sunburn and couldn’t mine for days or maybe weeks. Miners would not only have sunburns but frostbite in the winter as well. Miners were attacked by wild animals like bears and wild dogs.
    Minorities were treated unfairly in the mining camps. Chileans were beaten. These beatings included whipping and punching. Chinese were robbed, beaten, and only allowed to work where other miners didn’t want to work. Native Americans were forced out of there land and watched it be destroyed. Anyone who spoke a different language or looked different were treated unfairly by the white miners.
    Through all the hardships miners had to face they still had fun. Miners gambled, danced, went to bull fights, and drank. Miners would bet on anything. They would bet on things like who would win a fight or who would win a race. Dancing was a problem, there weren’t many women in the mining camps. Men would tie a bandanna around there arm and be the “women” for the night. With all the hardships and obstacles miners had to face I wouldn’t want to be a gold miner in the gold rush.

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    1. Good work, Isaac. You have many well-supported big ideas. All the details you've chosen support multiple big ideas you have discussed. Good knowledge about the topic is shown here!

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    2. I like your explanation!

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    3. The description is very good.Very explanatory. The Ideas are to the point. I like it a lot.

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    4. Very nice blog Isaac! Nice proof and details. :)

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  9. I think being in the gold rush was highly difficult for women and men. Why? Ladies first. The gold rush era was quite challenging for the ladies. First, they couldn’t walk a block without about 20 men giving her chocolate and roses for her hand in marriage. Girls need privacy, just like men, to do what they want. Second, if she got married, she would have to do all the housework. She might get tired but still have to do the other chores! Third, she constantly had to watch out for coyot mining holes and men searching for ladies just to get to the goldfields! That was where her husband was at. Fourth, everything was super expensive back then so if they don’t find gold fast enough, they might starve to death. Fifth, they might get robbed and have to sell their home; making them homeless with a little of money! Sixth, there were many diseases like cholera and Scurvy. They did not want to catch either disease because you would die. Seventh, if they were young like eight years old they should stay away from the boys if they don’t want to get married!

    Now let’s move on to the gentlemen. I think the gold rush era was quite the challenge for men. First, California was not a state yet so miners created their own laws. That made the goldfields even more dangerous! Second, miners were not judged fairly. If you were Japanese, Chinese, or Mexican they did not give you rights. Third, they had to have enough money because everything was super expensive. For example,a barrel of flour cost $800, $3 per egg, and $7.50 for a spool of thread. $3 in our time money is $90! That is a lot! Would you pay $90 for one egg? Fourth, food was not plentiful and hunger often occurred. Fifth, other miners might try to steal something that cost a lot or was very valuable to another miner. Sixth, the men might gamble on something that is valuable or costs a lot, he might get drunk from alcohol, and have to pay the price!

    Now on to me. Would I be willing to trade my life with a miner in the gold rush era? No. I am %100 sure I would not be willing to trade places. Why? First, I would have to give up my family, friends, home, video games, television, and all the other things I treasure most. Second, I don’t want to spend my days dying of diseases, falling into coyote holes, getting killed by wild creatures, and bathing in champagne. Third, I would not be able to finish the years of my studying at school. Fourth, I am a girl, not a boy so I would have to get married at nine years old or be a bachelorette. Fifth, I might get killed because some miner thought I took his pan or something. Sixth, they don’t have anything fashionable. I don’t want to look like a girl with hideous, tattered zombie clothes on. Seventh, I’m Korean. The miners might think i’m Chinese or Japanese and with my luck, I will be beaten up, robbed, and miserable. Plus, there was an Asian exclusion and I’m an Asian, so I would be inturned! Eighth, I am on a swim team and I definitely don't want to give swimming up. Ninth, I would have to give up Mr. Lamarr and I definitely don't want to give up Mr. Lamarr! Tenth, each summer, I go to South Korea and I would miss my relatives. Eleventh, they don't have foods we have now like potato chips, ice cream, waffles, pancakes, spaghetti, and other yummies. Twelfth, I have hobbies like snowboarding, swimming, yoga, kickball, volleyball, soccer, and a lot more. Thirteenth, sometimes, I like a bit of privacy, not to be chased by screaming boys trying to persuade me into getting engaged. I’m too young to get engaged. Fourteenth, I would miss everything my friends, family, toys, pets, you name it. Fifthteenth, they did not have very good tasting foods back then. I love, love, love to eat. So, I think being in the gold rush era was highly difficult and I would never ever switch places.

    -Elizabeth

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    1. Really funny! I really love it!

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    2. funny,great job.

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    3. You did a great job, and explained everything nicely.

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    4. I am pretty sure that you wouldn't have to be worried about boys chasing you to get married at your age! I agree that it would be difficult in the gold rush.

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  10. The Gold Rush… its sounds great right?!?
    I mean you go to the gold fields mine for a bit, and strike it rich!
    Actually I’ve heard stories proving it’s the complete opposite.
    There was this mining group called the “40 Miner’s” while traveling to the gold fields this group faced a series of very unfortunate events they were hit with a terrible disease called scurvey and they had to miss a few days of hopefully finding a fortune. While on the other hand there was this group called “The Gold Detectors” this group of miners had very fortunate luck and found 5 gold nuggets on the very first day of mining ; But as their luck continued it finally stopped and their mining boots were broken and had to buy new ones, which wasn’t very cheap. While traveling to the gold fields a group called “The Golden Olympians” took a “shortcut” better known as the Panama route, and this group had faced a series of waiting and waiting for months on the island for a ship to take them to the Gold Rush finally a boat stopped by and took them to the gold rush where they did not make a great fortune. Even though many people got swindled out of their fortune, shot, or hung, the miners still had a little bit fun. Miners gambled, drank some adult drinks, performed plays, and when a professional entertainment group came into the mining camps they build opera houses to keep almost everyone entertained! Honestly, in my opinion the gold rush would be a horrid terrible area for me even if I had a %50 chance of getting gold I would have still left my friends,family,and home which I would never leave even if I had a slight chance of becoming a millionare!
    Prices in the gold rush were totally SKY HIGH! Just 1 barrel of flour was $800.00 in the California gold rush, and 1 can of tomatoes was $8.00 in the Alaskan Gold rush. These are just a few examples of how high the prices were in the gold rush.
    The Gold Rush was full of rasicm, discrimination, and abuse to any human that looked different from the white people. Chinese were accused, abused and where treated very unfairly. Many Chinese people were hung, used as slaves, and were separated from their family for a very long time!
    I think being in the gold rush would be a total nightmare even if I had a slight chance of becoming a rich millionare I would never risk my life or leave my family and friends for all the money in the world!

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    1. Nice work Angel!:) I like the topic sentences.

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    2. Very good! I liked it a lot

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    3. Angel,I love your blog. Great topic sentences.Such creativity.

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    4. Your opening does a great job of hooking a reader into the blog as it is different! Good job Angel!

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    5. Angel, u did an outstanding job on ur blog! i totally agree with Mr.lamarr and Breana!!!!!!!!

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  11. Alexandra
    2/10/17
    Life as a Miner

    From the untamed fires, to the flooding, to the robbery, liffe as a miner was full of hardships. A fellow miner in the claim next to you might leave their fire going and your claim might burn up. You may work in the sun too long and get a sunburn, falling rocks may cause broken hands, Hypothermia from the cold, scurvy and malnutrition from unsanitary food, and finally cholera from unsanitary water and living conditions were only a few of some of the problems the miners faced. Government was quick and rough, so if you were suspected for stealing, and couldn’t be proved innocent, miners punished you. On the other hand, life as a miner came with some fun aspects too.
    Miners had the chance to gamble, bet on pretty much anything, watch theatre, and enjoy sunday fun. The main thing miners would bet on were fights and races. The Sunday fun incorporated bullfights, carnivals, dancing, and live entertainment. The live entertainment were mostly plays, operas, melodramas; but remember, this all cost money too.
    In the mining towns prices were sky high. One egg cost $3, and a barrel of flour cost $800. In a normal day of mining, a miner would usually find $4-$8. Some of the Very lucky miners would find a huge nugget. If a certain type of supplies was low then the price on that item would go up. Luckily the miners did not have to pay for their claims, only all of their supplies.
    Would I trade my life with a miner? Well, No. Since the prices were sky high I would be required to pay for things, that probably I could get in my hometown for half the price. I could a disease from all of the unsanitary living conditions and food. All the dangers of the gold rush influenced my decision into no.
    My overall view of the gold rush was it seemed fun, but it just would not be for me.My simulation of the gold rush has been very fun, exciting, educational, and amusing. From the outlines to the fate cards I truly recommend this enjoyable experience.

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    1. You've looked at many aspects of the gold rush to use in deciding whether you would like to have been part of it, Alexandra. Your points are well made!

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  12. Life as a Gold Miner
    Mining had many hardships like scurvy, cholera, and many other diseases like malnutrition but that was not a disease. There was flooding, fires, hanging, and fights. A lot of people died trying to find gold. Also Native Americans were killed and driven out of their land similar to what happened to the Chinese and the Chilenos. The Chinese and Chilenos were beaten and stolen from and were also forced to mine were other miners had already dug or land nobody wanted.
    They also hung or shot the people who did bad things, like robbing. But it was also a good thing that the miners governed themselves and had some laws instead of no laws which would be chaotic and maybe deadly. Claim jumping was also a very bad thing to do and it was also another way to get killed. There were also different laws or rules in different mining camps. I think it would be really awesome to be a miner if it was just a little safer.
    Mining was also very hard with occasional floods, robberies, and fires. Many miners died trying to get to California and mine for gold. Sometimes miners got in fights and killed each other sometimes there was a claim dispute. So overall I would like to be a miner if it was just a little more safe.

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    1. I agree with you-the gold rush could use a bit more safety! It was an adventure, but it could be dangerous, too.

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  13. Bad Luck in the Gold Fields

    Heading west to the California gold rush was a life changing decision. At first, luck was with me. I had a safe but expensive journey to the gold fields. A gold seeker could come to California three different ways. A miner could come by boat, wagon or the Panama Route. I took the wagon route. I left St. Joseph, MO on June 5, 1850. My group made it into the mountains and, luckily, we had ropes so we could get over the range. We made it to Sacramento safely.
    I joined a mining group called the Gold Bandits named after all the claims they had jumped. My first claim jump with the Gold Bandits was the claim jump of a different mining group called the Gold Detectors. I did this with the Gold Bandits three more times on different groups. One time, while we were claim jumping a mining group, they ascended out from their coyote hole and started shooting at us. One of the bullets hit my pan so it got knocked from my hand. We ran as fast as we could from the Golden Guns, the mining group that we tried claim jumping. The Gold Bandits really liked to claim jump. It was exciting …at first. Then it got dangerous.
    I didn’t just mine all day; there was entertainment that I enjoyed. At the start of the gold rush, I drank, gambled, and danced. I was smart when I didn’t bet a ton of money and drink too much. In the later years, miners put on plays and melodramas for entertainment.
    Living conditions were horrible. They were not clean or sanitary. The unsanitary conditions caused sicknesses like cholera. At that time, cholera could kill a miner quickly and harshly. The mining camps had a lack of supplies and nutritious food. The lack of nutritious food caused malnutrition and scurvy.
    One mining day, I saw a group of miners all riled up. I went over to see what was causing all of the commotion. There was a Chinese man standing in the middle of the shouting crowd. The man behind him pinned his arms. I needed to calm these miners down so I yelled out, “Listen up here, gents. Can you quit yowling and explain to me the situation?” A man came forward from the crowd and told me, “This Chinese man stole my pouch of gold. We are deciding if we should hang him or let him go”. I responded that we should call a camp meeting and give him the fairest trial. I emphasized the word “fairest” because Chinese people were discriminated against. It was hard life for people who were different. In the end the miner, who thought his pouch were stolen found the pouch in his shoe. The Chinese man was proclaimed innocent.
    100 yards upstream from where I was working, a different group of miners needed more water and decided to make a dam. The dam blocked all of the Gold Bandit’s water. To solve this problem, I had to call a camp meeting. When we miners first came to California, there were no laws so we had to create laws. Our laws were called miner’s law. If a miner needed a problem in camp solved or felt mistreated, he could call a camp meeting. A judge and a jury were elected to hear the miner’s case. Sometimes the outcome was fair and sometimes it was not.
    One fateful day, I was at the wrong place at the wrong time. A murder was happening and when the criminals got caught I was grouped in with them. Now I’m hoping to reach someone from my cell who can help me get out of this mess. I am worried that there is no one to help. So,
    I just finished planning my escape route. I am about to be served dinner in my dark and dingy prison cell. I am a prisoner in the California Gold Rush accused of a murder I did not commit. Life here was hard and it is getting harder. I regret ever going west to the California gold rush.



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    1. I remember this game. It was so fun!

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    2. Thanks for commenting guys!

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    3. Well done Kaser! The way you told this is entertaining, and you've covered so many parts of your gold rush adventure. You have made the life sound tough, for sure!

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  14. John F. (Now in Mrs. Darrow's Class)February 9, 2017 at 6:01 PM

    Hi Blake!

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  15. John F. (Now in Mrs. Darrow's Class)February 9, 2017 at 6:02 PM

    The blogs really sound like you guys are writing during the gold rush!

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  16. Replies
    1. Life as a gold miner would be unfortunately terrible and VERY harsh for the “non-white” men. Each day, the miners would wake up to rats in their food and if they ate beans, the beans would have two bugs per bean, as a miner once said. If the miner chose not to eat the disgusting food, they could drink some bitter coffee and some sort of pig. Sometimes miners could not afford the food because they were so poor. Eggs were $3.00 a pound, a bar of soap was $1.00, $800 for a barrel of flour, one can of tomatoes were $2.00, and at some restaurants, bread was $1.00, and to add butter, it was another dollar!

      Most times, miners can never be full; hunger was common. They still went out to the diggings, to make a miner’s claim. The first thing the miners need to do is to shop for a tent for sleeping. Next, they have to buy mining tools, a pan, a cradle, or a long tom. The pan is for one miner. The cradle is for 2-3 miners, and the long tom is for 4-5 miners. When they get all their tools ready, they will stick four pegs into the ground, put cans and rags around it, and record it in the camp recorder. When everything was ready, the miners can begin mining. They will put the pan in the water and put some dirt in and swish it around until everything is gone but black sand. The miners then will look for the gold. The same is for a cradle/rocker, but instead of swishing the cradle, the miners rocked the cradle. The miner has to stand at the lake for hours, in the COLD melted snow in bare feet! If they spent the money, they often boots, to “protect” their feet in the cold.

      In the California Gold Rush, it was very common that the gold miners did not find enough gold to even make a small fortune. It was very hard to strike it rich in the gold fields. Many people died on their way to the California Gold Rush. The three ways to get to the California Gold Rush was the Panama route, the overland/wagon route or going around the horn. The dangerous part about the Panama route was not having a boat pick the miners up from the west side of Panama, and the miners could get yellow fever. The bad thing about the overland route was the oxen could run out of food and die so the miners would be stranded, or the group of miners could be buried in the snow, due to late going. The terrible part about going around the horn was the waves near the horn could be so big it would flip the boat into the water and everyone would die, or the men on the boat could get scurvy, due to the lack of vitamin C.
      Sadly, in the California Gold Rush, many Asian people were mistreated. It was mostly Chinese people, though. The Chinese were beaten up, robbed, accused for no reason, except for their different skin color, and they were hung. Also, the Chinese were only allowed to have the mining space other miners didn’t want so it was pretty much useless, only SOMETIMES. When the Chinese were successful, due to their farming, the white men were not happy and accused them for taking the land, although the white men had given the land to the Chinese. Once men had given a group of Chinese men an area where no one was using; it was a swamp. The Chinese men were smart, and transformed the filthy swamp area into farming land and were successful of farming. Obviously, the white miners were not happy since the Chinese had made more money on plants than the white men made. That was an example of racial prejudice. Another main group that was tortured was the Native Americans. The Native American’s supplies were taken, such as food; deer and birds. The homes were destroyed. Since the miners were taking their deer for only meat and that made the deer go away, so the Natives died, due to the lack of food.

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    2. I would not be willing to attend in the California Gold Rush in their time. First, I would not want, in my meal, to have two bugs per bean, always drinking bitter coffee, and not being able to take a bath, not even ONCE a week! Second, I would not to have a contagious disease, mainly cholera, floating around my camp. Even if it wasn’t contagious, scurvy, I still wouldn’t want to be there in case I get sick. Third, I would not want to mine for very little gold for hours, and hours and have my back be in a very big pain. Fourth, I would not want to be hung, due to being accused, on any risk out here in California. Fifth, I would not want to die on a boat, jungle, or land because my relatives might not know, and I would be out there with no one to pray for me.
      Lastly, I would not want to be accused for no reason and be hung, nor would I want to be accused for stealing, although I did not steal, and get my ears lopped off.
      Although I would love to get gold out in California, I would not want to risk my life for some gold I might not even get enough to have a fortune.

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    3. You have many good details to prove your big ideas, Nicole. You have taught readers about the California Gold Rush, for sure!

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  17. Life as a Gold Miner
    If I had a choice to be a California Gold Miner or be a person at this time and be myself, I would be myself. At first, I wasn’t sure if I would be a gold miner or not, but ever since I got more and more information about the Gold Rush, I thought it would be better to live a life as I am already. Besides, the Gold Rush was dangerous. One detail of why I should be myself right now is that in the Gold Rush people got discriminated against. That was a terrible environment. The American miners blamed certain non-American people to be guilty on a lot of cases. One type of non-American people was the Chinese. Another reason is that occasionally, miners tripped and fell into poison oak, smashed their hands with rocks, created fires and floods, and more. There were no laws at the time. So, there were robberies and other crimes occurred often. There were also two common diseases which were Scurvy and Cholera. Scurvy was a disease caused by lack of vitamin C. Cholera was caused by unsanitary conditions. Another thing bad about the Gold Rush is that there were so many different cultures and different languages. Therefore I may not be able to communicate. That can result in bad situations. Though I don’t want to be a California Gold Miner, you might want to be a gold miner, so here are a few positive things about the Gold Rush.
    Yes, like I said before, there are a few things that were good about the Gold Rush even though I choose not to be a miner. First of all, since the Gold Rush increased the population so much in California, it eventually became the 31st state. That process took about two years. When that happened, California gained laws and its own government. Therefore, the laws and government controlled all the crimes instead of miners trying to govern themselves. So, if the government would control it all, the trials would not have discrimination to non - Americans who were “proven” guilty unfairly. The trials would be fair. Another detail was that, of course, there was gold that I could find. If I found gold, I would be able to go back to where I used to live and be wealthier than I had been before. Also, back where I would have lived, everything would be less expensive there. But if I lived in California already, I could’ve moved to a new state and lived there instead and have the same benefit too. I could also make a business and since everything was expensive, I could make money. The other states would have cheaper things.Out of all the good and bad things about the California Gold Rush I would choose to be myself.

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    1. Good way to examine the gold rush Josh: would you trade your current self for an 1850s self? It might be fun to visit back then, but staying in that time would be a challenge. Your point about getting laws as a state is a good one.

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  18. Life as a Gold Miner

    The life of a miner in the California Gold Rush was harsh. There were diseases, there were not that many laws, which made harsh punishments, and troubles along the way. There were multiple ways to get to the gold fields, overland, the Panama route, or around the Cape Horn. There were some problems about all of the routes. Sometimes miners died along the way to California. If miners survived the long route to the gold fields, they would have bur mining tools and stake a claim and get it official. In California, miners could use a pan, a cradle, or a long tom to mine gold. There were unsanitary conditions and ended up resulting in scurvy and malnutrition. Also, different races were treated different ways. Some fair, some pretty badly. For example, the Chinese were flogged, beaten up, and stolen from. If a miner stole, they would be sentenced to be shot or hung.
    Over all, I would not be in the Gold Rush. Lots of people died and there weren’t that many lucky miners that found a truckload of gold. I think I would be just wasting my time.

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    1. ramond you did good right details but you only wrote about 2 topics wright everything you learned but great job

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    2. The discrimination in the gold rush was bad. It would be hard to be successful anyway, but then having to fight discrimination would be even more difficult.

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  19. Replies
    1. i like how you have a detailed blog raymond its a good blog

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  20. Life as a California gold miner was rough and dangerous. When the miners arrived, they were forced to create miners law and government. Camp justice was delivered quick and rough. Some miners would take law into their own hands. Since law was not the same in each mining camp many miners were being shot before the creation of the constitution. Miners were using guns to protect themselves due to being robbed of their gold.
    Hypothermia and malnutrition were conditions that miners endured or perished from. Miners bathing in snow melt could result in hypothermia. The staple diet of a miner was beans, pork, coffee, and some form of cooked flour. Lack of important nutrients caused miners to develop malnutrition. Scurvy and cholera were common illnesses during the California gold rush. Scurvy caused by the lack of vitamin C could potentially be helped or cured by eating limes. Cholera caused by unsanitary conditions often resulted in a 24- hour death. This was a fatal disease to those whom developed it.
    Miners created their own entertainment. They had saloons where they could drink alcohol. When the miners gambled, they would bet on anything. They also went dancing. Since there were not very many women in the mining camps one man would tie a bandana around his arm and represent the woman when dancing. Soon professional entertainment groups arrived and theaters, opera houses, and stages were built. They performed theater, drama, plays, opera, and other theatrical shows. Miners also enjoyed watching and biding on bull fights, dog fights, and races. Although, the miners had a rough and dangerous life in the California gold rush they made the best out of what they had.

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    1. I like the mentioning of the lawlessness prior to California getting a constitution. Even after the constitution, it was rough; it was better, but still rough! Good summary of the gold rush, Breana.

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  21. What it’s like to be in the California Gold Rush?

    If you were in the California Gold Rush what would it be like? Will it be complicated to find gold? Or would you step on a gold piece the size of a pumpkin? Well, let me start with the good things about being in the California Gold Rush. Some miners would be cleaning off their boots and would find gold nuggets. The lucky ones could make between $25-$35 a day. Miners also had some entertainment, such as dancing with other men, and sometimes with women, which were rare in the Gold Rush. Miners also drank and gambled.
    The bad things about being in the California Gold Rush were certain diseases miners could get, like scurvy and cholera. Those diseases were sometimes fatal. Many miners even ran out of food, or water, and died. Even the horses ran out of food and water leaving the miners without any transportation. In the California Gold Rush, most miners were not so lucky in finding gold, especially when they could not get a mining claim. Sometimes, miners got a little violent when trying to stake a claim. The mining conditions were unsanitary. The miners did not have enough bathrooms in their living quarters. The stores where the miners shopped were quite expensive, old, and torn down. For instance, a can of sardines cost $16.00, and one-pound of butter cost $6.00!
    If I were to decide whether I wanted to be in the California Gold Rush, or not, I would not choose that, because of the lack of food, poor sanitation, and horrible diseases. Even if I found gold, I would have to spend it on new clothes and food to survive. For all these reasons, I would not choose to be in the California Gold Rush. How about you? Have you changed your mind? Do you think you would be a lucky miner, or not?
    Thank you for reading my blog about being in the California Gold Rush!!

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    1. Good selection of details to support your big idea and conclusion, Sophia.

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  22. Life of a Gold Miner

    Life was rough as a miner in the California Gold Rush. It was hard and dangerous work and the miner’s health was always at risk. One of the dangers for the miners would be the possibility of being killed if they were accused of stealing something from another miner. Floods, fires, and robberies were common in the gold rush. There was also a potential for a miner to get crushed by dirt while coyote mining.
    The health of a miner was often at risk. The unsanitary conditions of the camps led to a lot of sickness and disease. The miners were at danger of getting sick with cholera, typhoid, measles, malaria, small pox, whooping cough, and tuberculosis. There was also lack of nutritious food and vitamin C. This led to malnutrition among the miners.
    The miners had to leave their friends and family behind to come to California to mine. The days were long and hard. Looking for gold required a lot of picking, shoveling, and panning in the water and mud. The summer was extremely dry and hot and in the winter is was often wet and very cold. Most of the time a miner did not even find any “color.” If lucky, a miner might find eight dollars’ worth of gold on a good day of mining.
    There was a lot of racial prejudice in the mining camps. Other cultures such as Chinese, Native Americans, and Chileans were treated badly by the other white miners. They were beaten, forced out of camps, and claims that miners didn’t want were given to the Chinese. When the Chinese became successful on the claims owned by the white miners, the miners would get mad and treat the Chinese even worse.
    The miner’s life was not always all work and no play. The miners entertained themselves by going to dance halls, drinking in saloons, and gambling for money. There was other entertainment for families like stage plays, live musical theaters, opera houses, and bullfights on Sundays. The miners pretty much bet on anything. If there was a race or fight where they could make a buck, the miner was “all in.”
    If I had a choice, I wouldn’t want to be a miner in the California Gold Rush. The risk was far too high and the odds of striking it rich were way to low.

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    1. Well done, Gavin! You have strong details to fully support your big idea and your conclusion. This is easy to follow, and a reader definitely learns about the gold rush from your post.

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  23. I do not want to be a miner in the 1850s. The chances of you “seeing the elephant” is too remote for me. If I was a miner it is almost certain I would not find gold. I would go if I could be guaranteed to find a large amount of gold. If nobody could, I would not go because of the amount of work you would do for nothing. The miners schedule for a day of mining is: get up at 4am then have some coffee, mine until 6am then have breakfast, work until noon then have lunch, work until dinner then have dinner, work until you are too tired to work anymore then sleep. What I’m trying to communicate is being a miner is a hard life whether you get rich or not it is just too hard.

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    1. It would definitely be hard work to be a miner, but what if YOU were the one to find "The Welcome Stranger?" Would it be worth it then?

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  24. Life in the Mining camps

    By: Miranda

    Let’s start way back when James Marshall found gold at Sutter’s mill on January 9, 1848. Sutter and Marshall tried to keep the secret but, it leaked out.President James K. Polk confirmed that it was a gold rush. There was many ways to get to the gold fields such as riding in covered wagon all the way to California, you could get on a boat and sail around Cape Horn, or you could sail to the Panama Jungle hike through the Jungle and HOPEFULLY catch a boat on the other side. These each have their pros and cons the overland journey was very long and many died. Going around cape horn was also very long but you could get scurvy from not enough vitamin C and die. The panama route was one of the worst dangerous there were poisonous plants, and animals. The worst is you might die waiting for a boat to pick you up on the other side of the jungle.
    When you first got to the Mother Load you find a place to stake your claim if you choose to be a paner, long tomer or a cradler. First you would take four straight objects such as sticks and stick them on the corners of your claim then, you would take rags or cans and put them on top to make them more noticeable. After that you would go to the camp recorder and get your claim recorded. The size of your claim depended on how much gold was at your river if you had a lot of gold you would have a small claim if you had a little gold you would have a bigger claim. If you went with a group of four or five men you could do coyote mining. You would dig a hole down to bedrock then you would extend outward all the dirt would go up in a bucket into a pile so that you could take a pan, cradle or long tom and pan the dirt to hopefully find gold. If you got sent by a mining company you probably will use hydraulic mining which is when you take a long metal hose and shoot water out onto a mountain side to get to ore with gold in it.
    It was rough living as a miner in the gold rush. Not so many men struck it rich. You could go from one mining camp to another and get hanged at the second but that was fine at the first because of this many people died because of the different laws in different places. If I could have been there I would have been a miner because it is worth all of the hardships for the gold.

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    1. You have a lot of good historical facts about the California Gold Rush, Miranda!

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  25. Life As A Gold Miner

    Life as a gold miner was rough. This can be proven because gold miners had to make hard decisions about getting to California and about what town to go to. They also had to make decisions about what to do if there was a thief caught.
    Life was also rough because you could get sunburned in the summer. In the winter, people could get frostbitten. There were floods in the spring and some people left the fire going and burned down their camp.
    Gold miners claim jumped other miners’ claims all the time. People got diseases and missed days of mining. Other miners built dams uphill and the miners downhill had to figure out how to deal with them. If you handled these decisions wrong, there could be disastrous consequences.
    Overall, I would not like to be in the California gold rush because of the hardships.

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    1. Is there any one hardship that seems rougher than the others? What if you found that huge nugget worth thousands? Would that change your mind at all?

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  26. Life as a Miner

    If I was alive back in the time of the California Gold Rush and I didn’t pay attention to the rumors of instant billionaires and that when you’re walking down the street you’d stub your toe on a gold nugget the size of a pumpkin,I wouldn’t go. If I had really known the life of a miner, I wouldn’t have gone. But people did pay attention to the rumors and didn’t know the life of a miner, so they went in hope of striking it rich. These people were known as the 49ers.

    Since California had not yet become a state, each mining camp held its own laws. So if you did something okay at one mining camp and then did the same thing at another camp and the law was different, like at one camp you could shoot a gun if you’re drunk but at a different camp you couldn’t, you’d be in trouble. If somebody saw another person commit a crime, he could report him. But if the criminal’s description was say, red shirt, brown hair, blue pants, white skinned. If that description fit you, even if you didn’t do it, you’d be accused, found guilty, and punished.

    Most mining camps started out as tent cities when there was a gold strike. But if it lasted a long time, the miners would build log cabins or a leanto, which is a structure that is made from wood leaning against a boulder or a tree.

    Prices were high in the California gold rush because of not many supplies and so many people needing these supplies. For example, a bale of flour cost $800 and in modern time today multiply



    that by thirteen to get what it really would be worth.

    The miner’s main foods are canned beans, coffee, some sort of meat,and bread. Food was scarce and hunger was common. The lack of nutritious food lead to malnutrition or scurvy. Thousands of people died from diseases, most of those were Native Americans. They had never been introduced to the diseases the miners brought with them, so there bodies hadn’t developed a defense.

    Miners also had to deal with extreme cold, fires, flooding, and insects getting into their food.

    Life as a miner was harsh, rough, and unsanitary.


    - Kade

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    1. Which of your ideas is the main one that would have kept you from being a 49er? You have a lot of ideas; I just wonder which one is the most important to you in your choice not to take part in the gold rush.

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  27. Life as a Miner and More


    As a miner he would have to get to California to mine and get gold. There was two ways to get to the gold fields.One of the ways to get to the gold field was to go on a wagon. If anyone went on wagon, they would have to not travel in the winter time. Snow may overtake a miner and he would die. The other way to California was by ship. There was the Cape Horn route and the Panama route. The Cape Horn route was around South America. The Panama route was from somewhere on the eastern side of The United States to somewhere around the middle of North and South America. Going on these routes on ship may be deadly because anyone on the ship can get scurvy which is caused by a lack of vitamin C.

    Once anyone got to California, they would go to the gold fields. The objects to mine gold were a gold pan, cradle or a rocker, and a long tom. With a gold pan he would pan out minerals, rocks, and sand. With any luck gold would be at the bottom. With a cradle two or three men were used. One or two would get minerals in a basket and dump it in a cradle part. Maybe gold is there. Lon tom are the same as cradles or rockers but it takes four to five people.

    Many deaths happened in the gold fields.Stealing horses, shooting men, and stealing gold from other men was a crime. That is a a few ways to be shot or hung. This also happened easily because every town had different rules or laws. The reason why in the early days of the gold rush all of the towns had different laws was because California wasn’t a state. California skipped being a territory but immediately became a state. It became a state on September 9, 1850.

    Making a claim was easy. A miner would get a type of post like a stick and put four sticks in four corners. Then he would get cans or rags to stick on top of the sticks or post so the type of post is more visible. Then he would go to the camp recorder and state where he made his claim. A claim an vary in size. If a miner was in a poor area, he could have as much as 10,000 square feet for a claim. If the area was wealthy, he could have as much as 100 square feet ,for a claim in an area.

    Discrimination also happened when other races came. Miners that did not look American or didn’t speak English were discriminated. Chinese were beat up. They also were forced to only be able to stake a claim on a place that another miner worked on and left the claim.This is another way for death. If a Chinese man saw an American man stab another man, and the Chinese man said the American man killed the other man, barely anyone will believe him. If the American man said the Chinese man killed the other man, most men will believe him. The Chinese man will most likely be shot or hung even if he was innocent.This all depended on your race.

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    1. You have a lot of historical ideas, Christopher. What's the main idea about all these good facts?

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    2. Nice blog Christopher! I agree some people never even made it to California from all the hardships on the journey.

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  28. WHAT IT’S LIKE TO BE A MINER

    BY: SARAH




    Personally, I wouldn’t like to be a miner outside in the freezing cold water panning for gold. Many bad and good things could happen as a miner, but I will start off with getting to the gold fields. Miners would have many choices to get to the gold fields. They could go by wagon, Panama route or they could go around the horn. A bad thing of going by wagon was everyone had to wait until Spring to go, because there had to be grass for the cattle to eat, or they would die and their wagon would be stuck. Miners taking the Panama route would sail to Panama, march through the jungle to get to the Pacific side, and caught a ship going to San Francisco. A bad thing about going to Panama is travelers would experience long delays. On the Cape Horn route miners would sail from the East Coast, around the tip of South America and north to San Francisco. It would take six months to make the voyage, and it was very dangerous. When the miners arrived at the gold fields they would stake a claim. Usually a miner could claim 100 square feet at the richer sites and as much as 10,000 square feet at the poorer sites. Once a miner had selected a claim, he had to mark it so that other miners would know it was taken. This procedure was usually done by driving a stake into the ground and filling the claim with a camp recorder. A miner could keep a claim as long as he worked it every ten days. Justice in the camps were quick and rough. Trials were handed out immediately. Miners could choose a pan, a rocker/cradle or a long tom. Miners would set up tent cities. Everyone operated out of their tents, but if there was a big strike of gold people would put up permanent buildings or a lean to. Miners would mostly eat beans, coffee, salt pork and forms of flour. Their food was often scarce and most of the time miners were hungry, because food was very expensive. Miners could get cholera living harsh and unsanitary lives. Miners could also get scurvy. Sometimes fires got out of control, there would be floods, rodents and insects would get in their food, and etc. In the gold rush the prices were very high. In California, it would cost $800 for a barrel of flour, $3 for an egg and $7.50 for 2 spools of thread. In Alaska a pound of nails would be $8, a soap bar $1, and a can of tomatoes is $2. Miners were always bored, so they created their own entertainment. Sense there weren’t very many women, men would dance with men, and they would gamble, too. So, that is what life of a miner is.

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    1. Lots of good factual information, Sarah. Keep bringing the ideas back to why you wouldn't want to be a miner. You have given readers plenty of good history here.

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  29. A Gold Miner’s Life

    Once the news that James Marshall had found gold in California got out, people all around the world wanted to come to California to strike it rich. There were three different ways to get to California. A miner could travel by overland trails or by ship to the gold fields. The overland trip would be going through the Oregon-California trail, and the sea journey would either be through Panama or Cape Horn. No matter which way a miner chose, it would not be an easy journey. If a miner went overland, his oxen or cattle might die because a lack of, food and water. A miner might get stuck in the snow. Occasionally, a miner could be attacked by Indians. If a miner went over the sea, the ship could sail into rocks or run out of fuel and be stranded. On the ship, there could be a lack of food or a lack of vitamin C leading to scurvy. When going through Panama, it cut of many months of travel and 8,000 miles at sea. However, it was more expensive and there were many dangers. When crossing the Panama jungles, a miner could get diseases like malaria, yellow fever, and cholera. Another problem a miner could face was being stranded on Panama City because the ships did not come. Overall, the journey to the gold fields was not easy. Even if a miner made it to the gold fields, there were still many challenges ahead of him.

    Once a miner got to the gold fields, his life could be very rough and difficult. There were crimes, fires, floods, and more terrible things that could happen to a miner in the California gold rush. A miner could get caught in the floods and his supplies and food would wash away. In fires, the miner’s whole tent, food, and mining tools could be burned. There were thieves in the gold fields. The punishment for thievery was harsh. Thieves could get shot or hung for even small crimes. The camp handled the thieves by giving them quick and rough trials. Sometimes, people who didn’t commit the crimes were accused just because of racial prejudice. Everything was expensive in the gold fields. Clothes were expensive. If a miner ruined his clothes, he would just buy some thread and patch them up. Food was very expensive too. A barrel of flour was $800 and even an egg was $3. Another problem a miner could have was that there were poor living conditions. A miner lived in such dirty places he could get cholera. Also from the lack of healthy foods like vitamin C a miner could get scurvy. If a miner in camp was sick, some of the other miners would stay inside their tents in fear that they’d catch the sickness. In addition, a miner could also get physically hurt with rocks or in fights. Despite all the terrible things that could happen to a miner, most miners had so much faith that they’d strike it rich so they stayed.


    Life was not only hard for the miners, the minorities like Chinese, Indians, and Chilenos were treated horribly. The Chinese were beaten, run out of town, and their businesses were destroyed. The Indians lost their homes and watched them be destroyed. The Chilenos were whipped, beaten, and paid high taxes.





    Since miners had such a tough job of finding gold, they had to balance it out by creating many ways to entertain themselves with. Miners could go to gambling tables, saloons, and dances, where miners danced with other men because there were very few women. Miners built theaters where shows took place. There were also bullfights with parties afterward for the winner. Miners could play games like French Monte, Three Card Game, Loop, String Game, Thimbles, and Lottery. Even though there were rough times, miners could still have fun.


    Personally I would not have liked to be a miner in the gold rush because life was so tough and dangerous.

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    1. Good job of showing some tough parts of the mining experience, but also show that there could be some fun times, too. Your ideas do well to support your big idea and conclusion, Katherine.

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  30. Life as a California Gold Miner

    The life of a California Gold Miner was harsh, rough, and very hard.
    Miners needed lots of money, bravery, luck, and many tools such as Cradles
    and Long Toms. To start a long journey, miners needed some type of transport to get to the west. A miner could go around the Horn. There was a risk in traveling that way though. Captains could get into turbulent storms and crash or even sink. Mice could get into the food supply and people on the ship would starve! The other way to get to California was to travel by wagon. The consequences of going that way depended on what a traveler brought, what a traveler’s food supply was, and even what weather a miner went in. If a miner brought things like jackets, coats shirts pants, and shorts, they could be ready for any type of weather. They would not expect on type of weather. Instead, they would bring things of all types of weather. Things like pots, pans, and main essentials like utensils, plates, and toys for children were brought along. If a traveler brought little food supply, they would eventually starve to death. If they brought lots of food supply they might survive the travel west. If the travelers went in the winter, they would not survive. Their oxen would die and they would be out in the cold, unable to get to the gold fields. In the summer, the oxen would get plenty of grass and things would be going fine.


    In California during the Gold Rush, a barrel of flour cost $800. One horse could cost $300 in one place. In another one, it just cost $3.00! A miner would just sell the horse and buy the other horse because it was too expensive to maintain the other horse. One egg cost a miner $3.00! A dozen would cost $36.00! The main diet of a miner was coffee, beans, salted pork, and some type of cooked flour. This diet gave miners cholera and scurvy. Many miners died from these diseases. Malnutrition was an issue because many miners only ate the common foods and they lost other vitamins and things like iron too.


    There were many problems in camp. Whenever a miner decided to leave a camp,
    There were new laws. Miners got killed in another way. They accidently broke the law even though they were following the laws of the other camp. Since so many people were dying in camp, miners had to establish their own laws. The laws were known as the Miner’s Law. If a miner broke the Miner’s Law, they would get rough, quick, consequences. Possibilities like getting shot or getting hung were available.
    Miner’s Law solved many consequences.


    Life as a miner was very unsanitary and dirty. Miners never really wanted to bathe and they never shaved or cut their hair. Many miners had very long hair and long beards. Sometimes, miners could find some gold in their beards and hair! That is because the miners picked up so many particles of rocks and even gold! Miners almost never bathed. When they did, which was every month or so, they usually found the best place to wash. The most common place would be the river. The miners who managed too scrounge up a lot of money would go to town to go to a washing place. Miners would pay for a bath, wait until their number was called, and get a nice bath. If you got number one or two, you got a nice warm bath. But, if you got a miner got a number like nine or ten, they would get a cold bath with lots of hair in the water. Even if a miner got a miner got a bath number of nine or ten, they might be able to find some gold in the tub filled with leftover hair.


    There were very few women in the gold rush. Due to this, miners always tried to win over one of the ladies. The ladies in the gold rush were dressed nice and proper with dresses, gloves, hats, and precious necklaces. The miners were in dirty clothing, had long beards, and even ticks and lice in their hair. Even with this, miners still managed to find wives in the gold rush. Many miners never even saw a lady once in the gold fields.

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  31. Miners had multiple ways of entertainment. In the early gold rush, miners could dance, bet, and drink. When miners danced, they would choose who would be the “woman”. Due to the lack of woman in the gold fields, miners would simply just tie a bandana around the “women’s” arm and then start dancing. Miners bet on many things. They bet on fights, better people, bull fights, and even fights using wild animals like bears and wolves. Miners liked to drink and they would get drunk. The problems with that is that is the miners got drunk, they would bet for things even if it was not worth it. When the later years came, actors and circuses came to the gold fields and found any place that looked like a stage or circus. They would preform there and hope to attract miners. In the even later years, the entertainment got enough money to make circus tents and theaters. More professional actors and entertainment makers came. Miners then had many ways of entertainment.


    White people were treated fairly even though Chinese, Native Americans and more were treated unfairly. If a miner was not a white person, they had bad consequences. The Chinese were treated the most unfairly. They were beaten, run out, killed, unable to pan in certain areas, and even worse, discriminated the most out of all the groups. The Native Americans were run out of their land, beaten, run, and killed. The people from South America were known as the Chileanos. The Chileanos were killed, chased out of camp, and they were forced to pay high taxes. What made a person discriminated on was about what color skin the person was and whether they were able to speak English. If a person was not like that, they would be fine.

    In the gold rush, many people robbed miners. The people thought the non-white non-English speaking people robbed. Most of the time the people were innocent and they were killed. Sadly, the people died because they did not have equal laws like the other miners. The people would not be able to have a fair trial. They were accused even if they were not the right person. Many people showed contempt to the people even though they were usually nice people.

    Miners lived in a tent when panning. That was because the miners knew that they would not be staying there for a long amount of time. Sometimes, the miners would build a little hut made of sticks and they put the sticks and branches against the tree.
    If there was a lot of gold, People would start building permanent buildings. Entertainment would come, stores were put in, and a town was created in the gold rush. Many towns were created this way. Some of the towns today switched names. Like Hangtown, for example, switched to Placerville.


    Last paragraph! Would I want to be a California miner in the Gold Rush? I say I have no idea. It was rough, rugged and hard to live in. I would not risk my life to just get lots of money. After all, I am not the adventurous type. I like to live nice and peaceful without surprises. I would not like to see the violence in the gold rush. I am a person who likes to be clean. I do not enjoy waiting for a long period of time to bathe. I would not like to see my friends and family die of diseases. After all, that might be me! Plus, the chance of getting gold was really small and so many people rushed to California. Because of one piece of gold. In another sort, I would want to go to the California Gold fields.

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    1. So, in the end, would you like to have been a miner? Would that one piece of gold be enough to keep you hooked into searching for more?

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  32. I could write about it and talk about it. I could take pictures and publish a book! Overall, I think that would be fun. As long as I was not a miner.

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  33. Nice job, Alex!! I really like how you explain everything.

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  34. In the California gold rush, most gold seekers didn't get what they were hoping to find. However, some gold seekers got rich. If they didn't have any money or color, then it would be hard for them to find supplies. Depending on the location a miner is in, prices will be higher then others. Stores and camps had different prices too.
    In California, a barrel of flour was $800, $3 for an egg, and $7.50 for 2 spools of thread. In Sam Brannan’s store molasses were $4 a gallon, shirts were $40 each, and boots were $40 a pair. Angels Camp had cheaper supplies. For example, at the Angels Camp a pint of molasses were 50 cents, two shirts were $5, and a pair of boots were $10.
    In some mining camps, living conditions were harsh and unsanitary. Since conditions were bad, miners had a higher chance of getting sick. The miners had to deal with extreme cold, fires, and floods.
    There was malnutrition due to lack of nutritious food. Miners could get scurvy, lack of vitamin C, and cholera. Thousands of people died from these diseases, mostly Native Americans. Insects and rodents kept getting into miners’ food.
    In the early days of the gold rush, men would create their own entertainments. Sometimes men and women would dance together. The “lady” would wrap a bandana around his arm. Miners would get drunk and then gamble, they would bet on anything. There were bull fights too. On Sundays a carnival would be there. Operas were there, people performed plays and melodramas.

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    1. You have some good ideas to show that miners didn't always get what they wanted, Serena. No doubt that miners often had to go without the things they needed.

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  35. Life as a gold miner was dangerous. There were a lot of outlaws who often killed people. If a thief kills someone, he would get killed, often hung. For a small crime he would often get his ears lopped off. They would hand a punishment quick and rough. It was dangerous to travel in a stagecoach as many bandits like to rob stagecoaches and they have guns. It was also dangerous in the woods because back in those days there were a lot of grizzly bears. It was dangerous in the mining camps too. Someone might think he got robbed, and then shoot someone who he thought had robbed him. That can result in a punishment. It was dangerous to do coyote mining for the reason that the hole can collapse and the man inside can die. It was really dangerous for the non-Caucasian people, especially Chinese. Non-Caucasian people were often beaten, robbed, and they got to mine only on claims where other people had already mined. People were treating non-Caucasian A people like this only since they did not look like the American miners from the east. Treating people unfairly due to their race is called racism or racial prejudice. Native Americans or so called Indians didn’t like that the miners mined on their land. That is why the Native Americans often killed the miners.

    Life as a gold miner was also very difficult. Miners lived in unsanitary conditions. This resulted in disease, such as cholera. Miners had lack of nutrients. This is called malnutrition. This resulted in disease like scurby. This disease came from absence of vitamin c. Finding gold was difficult for the miners. It was hard to pan. They had to crouch down in the sun all day “washing” the gold. It was difficult to do coyote mining. They had to pick up the bucket full of dirt and taking it up, again and again. In using the cradle or also known as the rocker, it was difficult too. It was tiring to fill the bucket with water from the river and taking it to the cradle. I wouldn’t want to be in the gold rush.

    -Marcel

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    1. Good choice of details to support your big ideas, Marcel. The ideas are easy to follow, and you do well to show that the gold rush was dangerous and difficult.

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  36. Life of an Miner in the Gold Rush
    Made by Elias Yan
    Would you like to be a miner in the gold rush? Most say no, but what about you? Will your opinion change once you read this? Here is what a life of a miner in the gold rush would be like. Gold is a mineral that is gold colored and shiny. Gold will not tarnish or rust in any way. Gold will bend and stay in one shape which is called malleable. Gold is just like play-doh, but unlike play-doh, Gold will never dry out. This mineral, gold, is what a gold miner would seek. Gold is valuable because it is scarce and worth lots of money. Gold has been a sign of wealth and money for thousands of years. Miners would get to the gold fields by three types of ways. The ways are around South America, going overland, and by cutting through the Panama route. If you went around South America, to the Cape Horn, the seas were violent and the storms were uncontained. If you went through the Panama route, you could get diseases, get hurt by wild animals, and wait in Panama for a long time so a ship can take you the gold fields. Panama route was the quickest route. If you went overland, supplies were limited, you could run out of water, your oxen could die, and if you went too late, you could be stuck in the snow. Inside the gold fields, the first thing you have to do to get gold is getting yourself a claim. Claims are made by putting sticks on the corners of your clamed land and put a can or rag on the sticks. Judgment was unfair in the gold fields, especially towards non- white and non-English speaking people. If there was someone who was caught as a thief, they would have to pass judgment in the miner’s law. If they were guilty, they would be sentenced to death. Punishments for guilty men were quick and painful. If they were not guilty, they would be set free. There were mainly four types of food in the gold rush. The four types include beans, coffee, and cooked flour and salted pork. There were many gold rushes otherwise than the California one. In fact, there were gold rushes all over the world, but mainly in the south west of Northern America. There are many ways of mining for gold. The ways were panning, using a long tom, using cradles, hard rock mining, coyote mining, and hydraulic mining. Gold was always important and even in the modern days, people still go out there to pan for gold.

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    1. You have a lot of good ideas about gold and the gold rush, Elias. Interesting way to start this, too. What big idea are you trying to prove?

      Delete
  37. A miner’s life would be very difficult. I wouldn’t want to be a miner during the gold rush since there are many difficulties miners can experience. First, a miner would need to have enough money to get to the gold fields and to buy supplies. He also needs to overcome the long harsh journey to California either by land or sea. Second, they would find a mining camp that would be suitable for them. Since there were many mining camps that each had different laws which makes it confusing for miners to remember. Third, all the living supplies like food, water, and housing are very expensive. For example just one egg costed $3. A barrel of flour was $800. Fourth, Miners lived in unsanitary conditions. Bathing was luxury for its price. Dirty water caused cholera to spread among miners. There were floods, fires, and it was cold at some points. Rats or mice could have infested the miners food. Fifth, in mining, miners could strike a jackpot of gold or a lot of times there would be a small amount of gold. This amount wouldn’t be able to buy a miner a meal for a day. Sixth, the high price of commodities made it difficult for a miner to have a healthy diet, which led them to become malnourished. Seventh, justice in mining camps were rough and tough. If a miner was seen in a crime scene he would be blamed for doing the crime. There was no proper trials for the defendant. Eighth, when miners got bored or lonely they would gamble, dance,drink alcohol, and bet on almost everything with their belongings leaving them broke. Finally, a life of a miner was hard few got rich, and most turned out being poor. Do you think that going through all of these hardships are worth to become rich? In my opinion, I strongly stand that it’s not worthy to take all these risks just to become rich. Surely there are many different ways to become rich during the gold rush time without leaving your family behind.





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    1. I like the conclusion you wrote Etienne. It is firm and restates the theme of your paragraph!

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  38. Life as a California Gold Miner

    Life as a California Gold Miner was dangerous, difficult, and rough as well as fun. Miners got many diseases such as Cholera and Scurvy. They had camps burned down because of untended campfires, and got Hypothermia from mining in the snow melt water in the river, these were what was called ordinary hardships for a miner. Camp justice was quick and rough. If a miner had a problem usually they’d take the problem in their own hands, and shoot or hang their suspect before proven guilty.

    Although there were rough times there were also surprising, fun, and joyful times. Some miners found gold and others didn’t. Even if you didn’t find gold you’d still have fun. For amusement miners drank, gambled, watched bull fights, go to saloons and danced. There was a problem with dancing, and it was there weren’t many ladies so men danced with men, and one man would have a bandana and be “lady” unless you had a lady to dance with.

    Overall the bad things I would like to have been in the gold rush. I would like a chance to get rich, and even if I don’t it would have been a interesting experience. Also it would’ve been a fun, adventurous, and challenging life for me.

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  39. Life as a California Gold Miner.


    “Wait!” I yelled. “Don’t shoot,” “I’m innocent.” I am just a new miner and I am already
    getting shot at! I guess that that proves LIFE IS TUFF in the gold rush. So, as I was saying, “I just came to tell you that
    the river overflowed and your tent is a tad to close!’’ This happened when
    the river overflowed and people’s tents got flooded. Fires also happened when people left campfires going and the sparks would catch the grass and spread. some other tragedies that happened during the gold rush were
    getting your hand smashed by a rock, getting frost bitten, falling back in poison oak, or getting sick. “Your tent is starting to flood!’’ “You better get over there and save your stuff.’’ “While you’re doing that, I will be with the auctioneer bidding on some stuff, so have fun.” The auction is only one of the many ways miners entertained themselves. There were ways like gambling, getting drunk, going to dance halls, watching bullfights, going to parades, watching the circus and listening to opera performances. I personally like
    dance parties because I like being groovy. Having a lady at a dance hall is extra special because women are rare in the gold fields. While I was at the action us miners were bidding on a mine that originally cost $300 and II won it for $250!
    And then everything changed, so the next day I was off to go work the mine and figured out someone had swindled me out of $250 dollars!
    Since I couldn’t find the person who swindled me I decided to work the mine some more and I HIT THE JACK POT! It yielded up to 2.3 million dollars in gold and silver. This was one of the big gold finds in the Alaska gold rush. See, I was in the Alaska gold rush. There were many other gold rushes but I was mining in the Klondike which was very popular. So now I am rich until one night… When I go to bed and wake up in the morning I go to see if my stuff is still there and I realize it was gone!!! But then out of the corner of my eye I catch a glimpse of a shadowy figure trying to escape who seems to have a sack in his hand! I WAS BEING STOLEN FROM! Now, this happened in the gold rush when someone desperately trying to get gold and was eager enough to steal from someone. As I ran in pursuit I started shouting, “Stop in the name of the law!” Trying to make miners wake up ad help. But as always I was unlucky.

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  40. Great Blog!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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    1. I am sorry, but the word tuff is not spelled correct, it is actually TOUGH. Other wise, your blog was awesome!!!

      -Nicole

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  41. The life of a 49er How to get to California: I think the life of a California gold miner is pretty rough. First the miner would have to find the way they would get to California. They could have gone through the plains and got to California in a covered wagon. It took three to six months, it was pretty boring, and some people died. Or the miner could go around Cape Horn. This also took three to six months with turbulent waters. Then there was the shortest route… The Panama Route. In this route, the miner would go to Panama,cross the jungle, and get to the other side. Then, they would wait until a ship came to take them to California. But, there was a chance the miner would have been stranded because a ship didn’t always come. How to get to the gold fields: When the miner came to California, they had to find a way to get to the gold fields. They could go by stagecoach. If the miner went this way, the miner could have been robbed by road agents. The miner could have gone on a ship to the gold fields. That would only take a day, but there was no activities to do on the ship so that would be one boring day. The miner could have also walked to the gold fields. This could have taken a few weeks. By the time the miner was at the gold fields, he would be exhausted. The life at the gold fields: Once the miner came to the gold fields, he would have to stake a claim. The miner would find an area that is big enough for him. He’d then tell the camp recorder where his claim is. The miner would then place stakes around his claim and put rags or cans on the stakes. He would then start mining for gold. He would always be aware of cutpurses to take away his gold. Sometimes miners would be accused of something and the consequences were quick and rough. He could be hung or shoot if he was found guilty. He would be released if he was found innocent.

    Conclusion:The life of a gold miner was a very rough road.Thank you for reading my blog.

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